The initial 10 years of the conflict saw annual Spartan land raids countered by Athenian sea attacks. Diplomatic and military incidents followed which resulted in war with Sparta and its allies in His position rested on his continual reelection to the generalship and on his prestigebased, according to the historian Thucydides, on his manifest intelligence and incorruptibility.
He was entrusted with special financial responsibilities as commissioner for the building of the Long Walls, linking Athens to the Piraeus, and as commissioner for the building of the Parthenon and the Propylaea on the Acropolis from onward.
His early training was committed to Ancient history of pericles and his ablest and most advanced teachers of the day: According to Athanasios G. In continuance of Cimon's policy, ships were sent to support the Egyptian insurgents against Persiawhile detachments operated against Cyprus and Phoenicia.
These issues were to face Athens throughout the life of Pericles, but the fateful step was taken inat a time when Persia was on the defensive and Sparta was crippled by the effects of earthquakes, followed by internal dissension. The chief cleruchies of Pericles are: Was he trying to divert attention from personal attacks on himself and friends by making war?
It was probably in order to mark the definite conclusion of the Persian War and to obtain recognition for Athens' work in punishing the Mede that Pericles now proposed a panHellenic congress at Athens to consult about the rebuilding of the ruined temples and the policing of the seas; but owing to the refusal of Sparta the project fell through.
The Spartans were successful but did not pursue their advantage, and soon afterwards the Athenians, seizing their opportunity, sallied forth again, and, after a victory under Myronides at Oenophyta, obtained the submission of all Boeotia, save Thebes, and of Phocis and Locris.
Rather, the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be ours, since we have not left our power without witness, but have shown it by mighty proofs; and far from needing a Homer for our panegyrist, or other of his craft whose verses might charm for the moment only for the impression which they gave to melt at the touch of fact, we have forced every sea and land to be the highway of our daring, and everywhere, whether for evil or for good, have left imperishable monuments behind us.
Pericles was born into the first generation able to use the new weapon of the popular vote against the old power of family politics. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source.
He certainly approved of Athens's appropriating the allied moneys, and he advocated their use for domestic purposes. The land was acquired either by confiscation from disaffected states or in exchange for a lowering of tribute.
After the bodies have been laid in the earth, a man chosen by the state, of approved wisdom and eminent reputation, pronounces over them an appropriate panegyric; after which all retire. Yet Pericles dominated the people; in conditions of complete political equality and freedom, he imposed his will and maintained his policy.
By the first century B. For this offering of their lives made in common by them all they each of them individually received that renown which never grows old, and for a sepulchre, not so much that in which their bones have been deposited, but that noblest of shrines wherein their glory is laid up to be eternally remembered upon every occasion on which deed or story shall call for its commemoration.
He worked in close association with Ephialtes, an older and more established leader of democratic views. That part of our history which tells of the military achievements which gave us our several possessions, or of the ready valour with which either we or our fathers stemmed the tide of Hellenic or foreign aggression, is a theme too familiar to my hearers for me to dilate on, and I shall therefore pass it by.
A few months later, Pericles himself succumbed. In his attitude towards the members of the Delian League Pericles likewise maintained a purely Athenian point of view. Late in they deposed him from his magistracy.
The influence of Aspasia on Athenian thought, though denounced unsparingly by most critics, may indeed have been beneficial, inasmuch as it tended towards the emancipation of the Attic woman from the overstrict tutelage in which she was kept.
This alliance was within the letter of the treaty of peace with Sparta, signed inbut contrary to its spirit. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.
In a Panhellenic colony was founded under Athenian auspices at Thuriiin southern Italy, but did not form a continuing centre of Athenian influence in the west, as may have been hoped.
He would evacuate the Athenian countryside, bring the population into the Long Walls, decline battle with the Spartan army, and rely on the fleet to assure Athenian food supplies and secure the empire on whose resources the expensive naval policy depended.
Close to 50, he took Aspasia of Miletus into his house. The society which he led was imbued with his ideas—an overmastering love of Athens, a passionate belief in freedom for Athenians, and a faith in the ability of man.
Phidias, who had been in charge of all building projects, was first accused of embezzling gold meant for the statue of Athena and then of impiety, because, when he wrought the battle of the Amazons on the shield of Athena, he carved out a figure that suggested himself as a bald old man, and also inserted a very fine likeness of Pericles fighting with an Amazon.
Though Athenian democracy never gave more than severely limited powers to the executive, the assembly gave Pericles what he wanted. In this crisis Pericles pelsuaded the wavering assembly that compromise was useless, because Sparta was resolved to precipitate a war in any case.
According to the most stringent provision of the decree, even proposing a different use of the money or ships would entail the penalty of death. A conflict between Corcyra and Corinth, the second and third naval powers of Greece, led to the simultaneous appearance in Athens of an embassy from either combatant For Athens, the essential loss was that of Megara, which meant that a Spartan army could appear in Attica at any time.
The upper classes certainly had no prejudice against foreign marriages; the lower classes may well have had more, and, on the whole, it is possible to view Pericles here as championing exclusivist tendencies against immigrants who might break down the fabric of Athenian society.
Legislator of Domestic Affairs The political career of Pericles after the ostracism of Cimon divides into two parts. He asserts that since Pericles must have known about these limitations he probably planned for a much shorter war.
Constantine Paparrigopoulosa major modern Greek historian, argues that Pericles sought for the expansion and stabilization of all democratic institutions.
That Pericles was known to kiss her on leaving for and returning from work gave rise to speculation about her influence on him and, thus, on Athenian politics.Through his mother Agariste, Pericles was a member of the Alcmeonids, a powerful family in Athens, who claimed descent from Nestor (king of Pylos in The Odyssey) Ancient History Sourcebook.
Fordham University. Web. Monoson, S. Sara. "Remembering Pericles. At this time Ephialtes was assassinated, and Pericles, in his early 30s, became the undisputed leader of the radical democrats.
Legislator of Domestic Affairs The political career of Pericles after the ostracism of Cimon divides into two parts. Pericles: Pericles, Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.
His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Surrounded by archaeological sites, his special interests include ancient ceramics, architecture, and mythology. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE.
Ancient Greek statesman Pericles was born c. B.C. in Athens, Greece. His father, Xanthippus, was a famous general and statesman who came from a wealthy family of aristocrats. The period from to is in fact often referred to as the Age of Pericles in Ancient Greek history.
Over the course of his leadership, Pericles organized the construction of the Acropolis and.Download